Detroit — With crime up statewide, Gov. Gretchen Whitmer Monday announced a $75 million three-pronged program that aims to reduce violence by using emergency COVID-19 funds.
The proposal, which is subject to legislative approval, would utilize money from the American Rescue Plan to invest in police departments to hire and retain officers; get illegal guns off the street; and provide education and job training.
“We are working together to address the crime increases we’ve seen across the state and across the country,” Whitmer said at a press conference Monday at the Farwell Recreation Center on Detroit’s east side.
Whitmer said crime statewide increased by 12% last year.
“People are scared,” she said. “No one should feel unsafe.”
The governor said the plan seeks to tackle crime by allocating money to hire more cops and encourage them to live in the communities they serve while providing education and training that will give young people opportunities that will steer them from criminal activity.
Money also would be provided to hire visiting judges to address the three-year backlog of court cases, Whitmer said. Programs for dealing with the mentally ill also will be funded.
“There’s not just one solution to this complex problem,” the governor said.
Whitmer said she and appointees met over the past month with police officers, community and faith leaders and families to get their perspectives on how the $75 million would be best allocated.
“We’re bringing different perspectives to the table,” she said.
Interim Detroit Police Chief James White said it’s time to try new crime-fighting approaches.
“If you’re doing something that doesn’t work, literally do something different,” he said. “Today represents doing something different.
White said the culture of crime needs to change. “We must make crime unacceptable,” he said. “We must understand what drives crime.
“You cannot arrest your way out of these problems, because the moment we arrest someone there’s someone else lining up to make a bad decision,” White said.
White, a licensed counselor, said he was encouraged that Whitmer’s proposal deals with mental health.
“As a mental health practitioner myself, I know we have a community that’s suffering from PTSD,” he said. “We have a community that’s seeing people victimized by crime. The research tells us if someone’s been victimized by a violent crime and don’t get treatment, they’re twice as likely to commit a violent crime.”
Wayne County Prosecutor Kym Worthy said she hopes some of the federal funds will be used to hire more assistant prosecutors to help address the backlog of court cases that piled up when courts were closed due to coronavirus concerns.
“We’ve got 3,000 trials backed up; 36th District Court has 5,000 cases backed up, and we have 24 other district courts in this state,” Worthy said. “The court backup must be addressed.”
Domestic violence cases shot up dramatically during the pandemic, Worthy said.
“We usually handle between 6,000 and 8,000 domestic violence cases each year. Last year, there were 10,000. This year, we’re on track to have 12,000,” Worthy said. “We normally handle seven to 12 domestic violence homicides a year; there were 24 last year, and 19 this year.
“Clearly, the pandemic has had an effect, but it would be a mistake to lay it all on COVID,” Worthy said.
Worthy said she hoped to also see the expansion of jail diversion programs for nonviolent crimes, and more resources for dealing with the mentally ill.
“Just taking guns off the street alone won’t work, because there are always more guns to replace them,” she said. “Dealing with the root issues while tackling violent crime are the keys to success.”
Detroit Mayor Mike Duggan agreed.
“If you’re going to bring violence down, the system has to work together,” he said. “It’s not about I put more police officers on the street and crime comes down. (Whitmer) understands it’s going to take the state government, the federal government, county government, city government and courts, all of us together.”
“We’re going to get the individuals who right now are causing so much pain, and we’re going to get them to make different choices,” Duggan said.
State Rep. Tyrone Carter, D-Detroit, who spent 25 years in the Wayne County Sheriff’s Office, said the plan addresses police officers’ needs and responsibilities.
“While it’s important to have men and women on our streets to protect and serve, this plan ensures that police officers will have what I’ve been pushing for — accountability — and the resources,” he said.
“This also will repair the broken trust between our communities and law enforcement,” Carter said.
The American Rescue Plan Act of 2021, was signed by Biden in March to distribute $1.9 trillion in emergency funds, including nearly $122 billion for local and state educational agencies.
The educational agencies “may use these funds, consistent with Federal civil rights laws, for a range of evidence-based strategies that increase public safety for young people,” according to a U.S. Dept. of Education bulletin, “How American Rescue Plan Funds Can Prevent and Respond to Crime and Promote Public Safety,” which was released in June.